The Relationship between Sleep, Obesity, and Metabolic Health in Adolescents - a Review.

Citation
Okoli, A., et al. “The Relationship Between Sleep, Obesity, And Metabolic Health In Adolescents - A Review.”. Current Opinion In Endocrine And Metabolic Research, pp. 15-19.
Center University of Chicago
Author Amarachi Okoli, Erin C Hanlon, Matthew J Brady
Keywords Adolescents, Body mass index (BMI), obesity, Sleep, sleep deficiency
Abstract

In this literature review, we discuss the importance of adequate sleep and the various effects of suboptimal sleep on weight maintenance and metabolic health specifically for adolescents. Two major contributors to adolescents experiencing decreased sleep duration and quality, and thus increasing the risk for developing metabolic syndrome in adolescence as well as later in adulthood, are increased electronic screen time particularly at night and early school start times. The less time adolescents spend sleeping, the less quality sleep they obtain, and the greater the disruption of endocrine hormone function. As another consequence, adolescents are more prone to making poor food choices, from choosing relatively nutrient-poor foods to consuming excess calories without necessarily increasing their energy expenditure. These choices put adolescents at greater risk for becoming obese throughout their lifespan.

Year of Publication
2021
Journal
Current opinion in endocrine and metabolic research
Volume
17
Number of Pages
15-19
Date Published
04/2021
ISSN Number
2451-9650
DOI
10.1016/j.coemr.2020.10.007
Alternate Journal
Curr Opin Endocr Metab Res
PMID
33283071
PMCID
PMC7714022