Synthesis of Phosphatidylcholine Is Essential for the Promastigote But Not Amastigote Stage in .

Citation
Moitra, S., et al. “ Synthesis Of Phosphatidylcholine Is Essential For The Promastigote But Not Amastigote Stage In .”. Frontiers In Cellular And Infection Microbiology, p. 647870.
Center Washington University in St Louis
Author Samrat Moitra, Somrita Basu, Mattie Pawlowic, Fong-Fu Hsu, Kai Zhang
Keywords amastigote, host, Phospholipid, protozoan, salvage
Abstract

Phosphatidylcholine (PC) is the most abundant type of phospholipids in eukaryotes constituting ~30% of total lipids in . PC synthesis mainly occurs the choline branch of the Kennedy pathway (choline ⇒ choline-phosphate ⇒ CDP-choline ⇒ PC) and the N-methylation of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE). In addition, parasites can acquire PC and other lipids from the host or culture medium. In this study, we assessed the function and essentiality of choline ethanolamine phosphotransferase (CEPT) in which is responsible for the final step of the synthesis of PC and PE. Our data indicate that CEPT is localized in the endoplasmic reticulum and possesses the activity to generate PC from CDP-choline and diacylglycerol. Targeted deletion of is only possible in the presence of an episomal gene in the promastigote stage of . These chromosomal null parasites require the episomal expression of to survive in culture, confirming its essentiality during the promastigote stage. In contrast, during infection of BALB/c mice, these chromosomal null parasites appeared to lose the episomal copy of while maintaining normal levels of virulence, replication and cellular PC. Therefore, while the synthesis of PC/PE is indispensable for the proliferation of promastigotes, intracellular amastigotes appear to acquire most of their lipids through salvage and remodeling.

Year of Publication
2021
Journal
Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology
Volume
11
Number of Pages
647870
Date Published
12/2021
ISSN Number
2235-2988
DOI
10.3389/fcimb.2021.647870
Alternate Journal
Front Cell Infect Microbiol
PMID
33777852
PMCID
PMC7996062